COVID-19 and Diabetes Mellitus: The Link and Clinical Implications

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COVID-19 and Diabetes Mellitus: The Link and Clinical Implications

Covid-19, the deadliest virus of the season, has taught us the importance of staying fit and how a little handshake with a person suffering from it can put us in a situation of life and death. And the consequences don’t end there; even when you recover from COVID, the lingering effects continue, sometimes becoming so severe that it can lead to major illnesses like diabetes, which has an impact on almost everything you do.

There isn’t enough evidence to say if diabetics are more prone than the general population to get COVID-19. The concern is that diabetes patients are more likely to have severe problems if they contract the virus, not because they are more likely to contract it. Furthermore, the more health problems a person has (for example, diabetes and heart disease), the higher their chance of COVID-19-related severe consequences. If you acquire the virus, you’re more likely to become sick. If you get the virus, you’re more likely to get sick.

A large number of ACE2 receptors may be found in beta cells in the pancreas. The spike protein from the coronavirus is believed to bind to cells through some of these receptors. Insulin is a hormone produced by beta cells that aid in the transport of sugar from meals to the body’s cells to be used as energy. The researchers hypothesized that a coronavirus infection, which impacts ACE2 receptors, may harm insulin-producing beta cells.

Over 45 percent of non-diabetic persons infected with coronavirus developed diabetes after recovering from the virus, and now have type-1 or type-2 diabetes as a result of the virus damaging their beta cells.

Coronavirus and Diabetes

The COVID-19 virus appears to make elderly people and those with pre-existing medical problems (such as diabetes) more prone to getting extremely unwell. Due to changes in blood glucose levels and, perhaps, the existence of diabetic complications, it can be more difficult to treat a viral illness in patients with diabetes mellitus.

This appears to be due to two factors. To begin with, the immune system is weakened, making it more difficult to combat the virus and resulting in a lengthier recovery time. Second, the virus may grow in a high-blood-glucose condition.

COVID-19 is distributed by air droplets that are disseminated when an infected individual talks, sneezes, or coughs, much like any other respiratory symptoms. Based on the environment, the infection might last anywhere from just a few hours to a few days. It is transferred by coming into direct contact with an infected individual or coming into contact with droplets in the air in the surroundings and then touching the mouth or nose. This is why social distancing and frequent sanitizing are very important, particularly because Coronavirus is dangerous for diabetics.

Covid and diabetes are most likely enemies of each other and there are so many reasons as to why coronavirus is dangerous for diabetics. Now is indeed the perfect time to say that Health is Wealth, if you are healthy, your body can fight the toughest bacteria but if you are not healthy, your body is going to have no option but to give in to the repercussions of the bacteria or virus. However, given below are some truths and myths about diabetes patients getting covid:

Coronavirus and Diabetes


  • If you have a severe infection from the virus, the use of steroids on your body can make things worse for you if you are a person who has diabetes as it shoots up your blood sugar level .
  • Drinking enough water can prevent fluids from affecting your blood sugar levels too much, because you are going to get your glucose levels raised from any infection, especially in coronavirus and diabetes. Inflammatory reactions from the virus could impact blood sugar regulation.
  • Even if you are not diagnosed with the coronavirus, you are still prone to diabetes as the ongoing environment is dangerous and it can lead to elevated stress, which is an enemy of diabetes and hence can lead to it.

Coronavirus could cause the development of diabetes type 2 if it impacts the pancreas, as beta cells are damaged.


  • Monitoring your Sugar can kill the Virus: Regularly checking your blood sugar levels and taking the right medicine will not destroy the virus; it will simply enable you to manage your diabetes better.
  • Exercising can eradicate the virus: There’s no reason to presume that exercise can eradicate the virus; if you’re in good shape, it could help you fight it more effectively, but not totally.
  • Online ordering of medications can lead to Covid-19 coming into your home: If you’re purchasing medications online, you may do so as long as you keep your hands clean.
  • Food packets are a carrier of the virus: If you live alone and order food packets from the outside, you can do it as long as you like. There is currently no indication that COVID-19 can be transmitted through food. Food products that are transported at room temperature, refrigerated, or frozen over a period of days or weeks have a very low chance of spreading.

COVID-19 Vaccination can trigger Diabetes: There is no proof that you can get diabetes from vaccination as it causes absolutely no harm to your pancreas. Vaccine for diabetes patients is extremely safe. 

Diabetes Types and Risks Associated with COVID

Diabetes Types and Risks Associated with COVID

Diabetes is a set of ailments in which the body does not produce adequate or any amounts of insulin or does not utilize the insulin it does create correctly, or a blend of the following. The body is incapable of getting sugar from the blood into the cells whenever one of these things occurs. High blood glucose levels result as a result of this. Perhaps one of your primary energy sources is glucose, a kind of sugar present in your blood. Sugar builds up in your blood due to a lack of insulin or insulin intolerance. This can result in a variety of health issues.

Type 1 diabetes and covid 19

Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction. This implies that your immune system targets and kills the insulin-producing beta cells in your pancreas. The harm is irreversible. It’s unclear what’s causing the attacks. There might be hereditary as well as environmental factors at play. There is no evidence that lifestyle variables play an impact.

Type 2 diabetes and covid-19

Insulin intolerance is the first symptom of type 2 diabetes. This indicates that your body is unable to use insulin effectively. Your pancreas is stimulated to generate more insulin until it can no longer meet demand. Insulin production declines, resulting in elevated blood sugar levels.

Gestational diabetes and covid-19

Insulin-blocking hormones generated throughout pregnancy cause gestational diabetes. This form of diabetes is exclusively found in women who are pregnant.


Type 1 diabetes, often known as juvenile diabetes, is most commonly diagnosed in children.

Although heredity and some viruses may have a role in the disease’s development, the actual etiology is undetermined. Although there is no cure or proven preventive, there are therapies available to assist control symptoms.

As you become older, your chances of having type 2 diabetes rise.

If you’ve ever had gestational diabetes or prediabetes, you’re more likely to develop diabetes in the near future. A sedentary lifestyle or obesity, as well as a family history of diabetes, are further risk factors.

While there is no way to entirely avoid the risk of developing diabetes, a balanced diet, weight management, and exercising regularly can all contribute. Certain ethnic groups are also at a greater risk of contracting type 2 diabetes, which is most likely linked to healthcare inequalities.

How does COVID-19 affect Diabetes patients?

COVID-19 is more likely to cause significant problems in those who have diabetes. When contaminated with any virus, adults with diabetes are more prone to experience more severe symptoms and consequences.

If you have well-controlled diabetes, your chances of being severely unwell from COVID-19 are likely to be decreased. In addition to diabetes, experiencing heart disease or other problems may increase your risk of becoming very unwell with COVID-19 or other infectious diseases, because having more than one ailment makes it more difficult for your body to fight infections.

In patients with diabetes, viral infections can cause inflammation or intestinal swelling. This could also be triggered by blood sugar levels that are higher than normal, and the resulting inflammation can lead to more serious problems.

Why is Coronavirus dangerous for diabetics?

Why is Coronavirus dangerous for diabetics?

COVID-19 increases the risk of serious disease in people of a certain age who have certain preexisting medical problems, such as type 2 diabetes.

Individuals with type 1 or gestational diabetes, according to studies, maybe at a higher risk of serious disease from COVID-19. We do not even know as much as we’d want about how preexisting medical problems enhance the incidence of serious morbidity from COVID-19 since it’s a novel disease.

It’s crucial to note that people with any kind of diabetes have a wide range of ages, problems, as well as how they’ve managed their diabetes. People with diabetes who already have diabetes-related health issues are more likely to experience negative consequences of COVID-19, if they develop it, regardless of the kind of diabetes they suffer from.

People with diabetes are more likely to develop diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), which is frequent in people with type 1 diabetes when they are ill with a bacterial infection.DKA can make it difficult to keep track of your fluid intake and electrolyte imbalances, which is crucial while dealing with sepsis. Some patients with COVID-19 have had sepsis and septic shock, which are severe consequences.

Understand the symptoms of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and discuss when to test for ketones when and how to notify your doctor if you have them with your diabetes care team. Also, know what to do if you become ill.

Warning Signs to Watch out For Covid 19 and Diabetes

Warning Signs to Watch out For Covid 19 and Diabetes

In everybody, including individuals with diabetes, COVID-19 is emerging to be a more severe disease than seasonal flu. When dealing with this virus, all of the normal measures to avoid infection that have already been extensively documented become even more necessary.

We recommend diabetics follow the advice of their healthcare providers to ensure that they are doing all possible to safeguard themselves and others. People with diabetes should receive a flu vaccination this year, as they do every year, but it’s crucial to note that the flu vaccine does not guard against COVID-19.

If you have diabetes, don’t be afraid to get the Covid vaccination because it doesn’t affect your blood sugar levels and there’s no danger of getting diabetes or coronavirus if you don’t already have them. Vaccines for diabetes patients are the same as the vaccine for non-diabetic people. Vaccination is completely safe and necessary for everyone to reduce the effects of coronavirus on the body.

Coronavirus vaccination is thought to protect patients from serious illnesses and minimize hospitalization. People with chronic diseases, such as diabetes, are more vulnerable to catastrophic consequences and should take precautions against the virus.

Breakthrough infections are likely to take place in terms of vaccination safety and effectiveness; nevertheless, there is no question that the COVID vaccines give an extra layer of security and do not represent a medical risk to individuals.

Vaccines for Individuals with diabetes, like everybody else, are prone to experience some side effects, which may or may not be dangerous. Vaccine side effects usually last only a day or three.

Symptoms and warning signs you should be watching out for: 

Symptoms and warning signs you should be watching out for:

COVID-19 patients have reported a wide variety of symptoms, from minor aches and pains to serious sickness. Symptoms might occur anywhere from 2 to 14 days after being exposed to the virus. Keep an eye out for signs of COVID-19, such as:

  • Shivers or a fever
  • Cough
  • Breathing problems or shortness of breath
  • Nausea
  • Aches in the muscles or throughout the body
  • Headache
  • New olfactory or gustatory impairment
  • Throat irritation
  • Congestion or a runny nose 
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Diarrhea

If you suspect you are developing symptoms of coronavirus and diabetes, contact your healthcare practitioner straight away and isolate yourself in a room with an adjoining bathroom or use a restroom that no one else is using.

When you make a phone call to your healthcare provider, make sure to:

  • Keep a record of your glucose level.
  • Make a note of your ketone reading.
  • Keep a record of your fluid intake (a 1-litre water bottle will suffice) and submit a report.
  • Make a list of your symptoms (e.g., are you nauseated?). Is it only a runny nose?)

Address your concerns about diabetes management.

Emergency warning signs

If you experience COVID-19 emergency warning symptoms, get medical help right away. The following are emergency warning signals in adults:

  • Breathing problems or fainting
  • Chest discomfort or pressure that persists Mental perplexity
  • Inability to get out of bed or stay awake
  • Lips or face that is bluish

Precautions for diabetes and covid 19

Although there is no way to guarantee that you will not catch the virus, adopting adequate care and measures can help you avoid getting sick. Healthy members of the family in the house should take actions as if they were a substantial risk to those with underlying health issues, such as diabetes. A few precautions that you can ask them to take are: 

  • When they have to leave the house, they wear a mask over their nose and mouth. 
  • They should wash their hands often, particularly before feeding or looking after someone who is fragile.
  • Keep a distance of at least 6 feet between you and those who don’t dwell in your house.
  • Sanitize your hands now and then. 
  • Make sure to sanitize your home every week or every month, at your convenience. 


If you’re experiencing problems regulating your diabetes after Covid recovery or need help strengthening your immune system, we recommend trying our Emun Care Immunity Booster, which is 100% vegetarian and herbal, and extremely near to nature. It’s a Sugar Knocker product, and its mission is to assist people to combat diabetes naturally.

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