Diabetic Neuropathy: Cause, Symptoms, Prevention

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Diabetic Neuropathy: Cause, Symptoms, Prevention

A diabetic patient can have Diabetic Neuropathy which is a kind of nerve damage throughout the body. It damages nerves in the feet and legs.

Causes of Diabetic Neuropathy

The causes of Diabetic Neuropathy are unknown and according to the American Diabetic Association, high blood sugar is not only the cause of it. New research reveals that there are other factors like high cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, and smoking.

In 2015, at Toronto University, when 467 people of the age group of 45 to 64 were studied, then it was found that about half of those with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes or prediabetes had early signs of peripheral neuropathy. Besides, individuals with higher blood sugar levels were more likely to have nerve damage.

People with type 1 diabetes, whose high blood sugar problems are generally diagnosed very early, about 20%, have peripheral neuropathy after 20 years. Diabetes risk may also rise with age, but even children and young adults with type 1 and type 2 diabetes have signs of peripheral neuropathy.

Diabetic neuropathy is a serious complication of diabetes. But it can be prevented with tight blood sugar control and a healthy lifestyle.

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Diabetic Neuropathy Symptoms 

Diabetic Neuropathy Symptoms develop gradually. Initially, they may look like minor and infrequent pains but as the nerves get more damaged symptoms may grow. The need is to consult a physician for advice.

The symptoms of Peripheral Neuropathy are:

  • Pain
  • Numbness (loss of feeling)
  • Muscle weakness
  • Poor coordination
  • Muscle cramping
  • Insensitivity to pain and/or temperature
  • Extremely sensitive to even the lightest touch
  • Symptoms get worse at night. 
  • Tingling

Steps to Prevent Diabetes Neuropathy in Early Stages

How to Prevent Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetic Neuropathy is a complication of diabetes. We have listed some of the home remedies for diabetic neuropathy.

The need is to be aware of the symptoms so that treatment and foot care can be started as soon as possible.

The American Diabetes Association recommends that a detailed foot examination. Checking for sores, blisters, and circulation in your feet is a must.

Here are few things that you can do for diabetic neuropathy prevention:

Stay Active:

The American Heart Association and the American Diabetes Association recommend around 30 minutes of moderate exercise a day at least 5 times a week. Staying active heart in shape and prevents arteries from hardening. This helps in the circulation to the nerves in your hands and feet.

Keep Feet Clean and Dry:

Cut your toenails with caution. Take care of the way to cut your nails. They should always be cut in a straight line Make sure you always cut in a straight line to keep your nails from growing into your skin and causing infection.

Also Read: How to Care for Feet When You Have Diabetes

Wear Good Shoes:

It is important to wear shoes that protect feet.

Cope up with Neuropathy Diabetes

The following suggestions can help you to manage neuropathy diabetes:

  • Take good care of feet especially for diabetic patients – Check your feet daily to see if there are any signs of blister or cuts.
  • Say no to smoking.
  • Eat healthy meals that should include fruits and vegetables, dairy products, and whole grains.
  • Massage your hands and feet to improve circulation, stimulates nerves, and may even give temporarily relieve pain.
  • Avoid keeping your knees crossed or leaning on your elbows for a long period. It may cause new nerve damage.
  • Set up priorities for the day but don’t overexert
  • Accept the negative aspects of the illness and move forward to become more positive to find out what works best.
  • In case of severe pain, don’t sit lonely, rather visit a friend, take a walk or so.
    Go for some regular exercises. It serves not only for physical fitness but also benefits emotional well-being.
  • In case of weakness, seek support from your family, friends, or doctor.
  • Take a good sleep which is a very essential part of living.  Sleep helps to avoid major health problems. But unfortunately, insomnia is often a side effect of neuropathy pain.
  • Talk with your doctor for medications to get rid of sleep disturbance.
  • Besides medication there are certainly other ways to improve your sleep like reducing caffeine intake, quit smoking, Omit alcohol consumption, Avoid staying in bed for long, turning off TV and Computer as many people use the television to fall asleep at the end of the day, maintain a regular exercise system before bedtime, don’t watch your clock, listen to soft music before sleep.

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